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砲台 Batteries

[砲台二字,本寫礮臺,但約定俗成,後簡化為砲台。但因砲已非石造,改用火藥,固今亦寫作炮台]


1. 九龍(山)砲台 Kowloon Battery

九龍(山)砲台,位於九龍寨,原為九龍墩台,為一高坵,位於九龍灣。詳見九龍海戰


2. 臨衝砲台Linchong Battery

官涌之戰後,林則徐為加強防務,於道光二十年(1840),增建尖沙嘴懲膺砲台和官涌臨衝砲台,以及九龍寨城。砲台約於道光二十年三月二十六日動工(《尖沙嘴官涌添建礮臺摺》),道光二十年五月二十五日完工,兩個月內完成,速度奇高;但大礮五十六位尚在購辦(《英人續來兵船及粵省布置情形片》)。

After the Kwun Chung Battle, Lin Zexu decided to reinforce the defence in Kowloon. So in 1840, during the reign of the Qing Emperor Daoguang, the Chengying and Linchong Batteries, as well as Kowloon Walled City were added. The batteries were probably started to build on 26 March, 1840 (Chinese old calender), and completed on 25 May, 1840 (Chinese old calender), i.e. in a very speedy 2-month time,yet the 56 canons have not been purchased in May.


官涌臨衝砲台規格 Specifications of the Linchong Battery

官涌砲台從屬 Hierarchy of the Linchong Battery

官涌砲台的煙滅 Disappearence of the Linchong Battery


3. 懲膺砲台 Chengying Battery

懲膺砲台位於尖沙嘴,後被英軍改為水警總部,現已列為古蹟,改建成1881 Heritage商場。部分砲台基座仍然可見。

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